Beginner’s Guide to Medical Marijuana Strains

A small jar of hemp oil

Soon there will be hundreds of strains in the Missouri Medical Marijuana Market. All with varying amounts of THC and CBD If you want to become familiar with the categories and the most common strains and names of legal cannabis, you’ve come to the right place. The knowledge here also lets you maximize each visit to our medical marijuana dispensary in Osage Beach, MO.

Indica vs. Sativa vs. Hybrid Strains

Medical marijuana products can be classified into three main categories:

  1. Indica – Sedative, calming, and euphoric. Indica strains are best used at night: they help improve the quality of your sleep and relieve symptoms related to medical conditions like muscular dystrophy and lupus. Indica contains high levels of THC, which provides a psychoactive effect or a “full-body high.” It is very helpful to people with anxiety and arthritis, as well as those suffering the symptoms of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease.
  2. Sativa – Uplifting, stimulating, and energizing. The sativa strains are known to have a mentally boosting effect. They give a “head high,” as opposed to indica’s signature full-body high. Users feel more focused and capable of mentally demanding tasks after using this strain. Sativa strains also offer relief from fatigue, headaches, and nausea, as well as benefit people diagnosed with depression and other mood disorders. Sativa products are recommended for daytime use.
  3. Hybrid – Strains that offer the combined effects of sativa and indica fall under the hybrid category. These strains are the products of cross-breeding of cannabis plants. They are the most prevalent in the market, and their effects vary from relaxation and euphoria to sleepiness and hunger. They, therefore, address a broad range of ailments ranging from physical pain to mood disorders. The best time for use would depend on the supposed effect of a strain.

You will encounter these three terms in the product labels and during your discussion with our friendly dispensary technicians.

Popular Strains

As you browse products in dispensaries, you’ll notice that many won’t have any labels indicating whether they are indica or sativa. It’s because many of them possess hybrid qualities, plus it’s more convenient to categorize products according to the breed of the cannabis plants from which they were made (since many buyers look for specific breeds).

Below are examples of the most common strains belonging to each of the categories above:




Grandaddy Purple
Platinum Kush, Hindu Kush, Bubba Kush, Obama Kush, Master Kush
Presidential OG
Northern Lights
Grape Ape
God’s Gift

LA Confidential
Fruity Pebbles
Willy’s Wonder
9 Pound Hammer

Acapulco Gold
Sour Diesel
Durban Poison
Lemon Haze, Nigerian Haze, Purple Haze, Silver Haze
Green Crack
Maui Wowie


White Widow
Girl Scout Cookie, Platinum Girl Scout Cookie
True OG
OG Kush
Cherry Pie
Pineapple Express, Pineapple Chunk


Sativa VS. Indica VS. Hybrid Effects

The names of common strains, like the ones in the table above, are used uniformly across dispensaries and brands. It is, however, customary for growers and edible makers to come up with unique and quirky names for their products—the strategy is helpful for marketing and branding, but a tad inconvenient for buyers looking for specific strains.

You can be sure that the names producers choose offer insight into the characteristics and effects of a strain. Here are some examples:

  • “Haze” products are likely to be sativa strains.
  • “Kush” often refers to indica breeds.
  • “Purple” products are either indica or hybrid strains.
  • Names derived from citrus fruits, like Orange and Tangie, often have a fresh and citrusy aroma.
  • Names with “Diesel” give off a pungent scent.
  • Names beginning with “Blue” may either be sativa-dominant or indica-dominant hybrids.
  • Most strains with “Sour” are sativa-dominant hybrids.

Use this guide to make your next online purchase or dispensary visit easy and satisfying. Knowledge of the products you’re browsing is an advantage when shopping, and it’s never more accurate than when buying medical marijuana. If you have anymore questions about Latitude Dispensary, please Contact Us.